Castiglione, Giovanni Benedetto (Il Gercetto)
1609, Genoa — 1665, Mantua
Italian painter, draftsman and etcher. Master of the Genoese School. His art developed under the influence of a number of masters: J. Bassano, P. P. Rubens, F. Snyders, B. Strozzi, van Dyck and lesser-known artists. He studied at Genoa in B. Paggi and J. A. de Ferrari. He was influenced by Flemish masters school. In 1632–1640, he was in Rome, where he met with N. Poussin and P. Testа. He worked in Genoa, Venice, and Rome. From 1651, he was a painter at the court of Duke Charles II of Gonzaga in Mantua. He is credited with inventing the technique of mono- types. The etchings have brought special fame to Castillona. Thanks to the virtuosity and expressiveness of his stroke, they brought him the fame of the "Second Rembrandt".